贰柒拾游戏

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                  • 分割线
                    历史上的北京防疫和救治
                    来源: 2020/05/20 09:10:16 作者:张艳丽
                    字号:AA+

                    导读: 据史料记载,在元明清时期,疾疫的流行曾达到过北京历史上的顶峰,尤以清代发生的疫情最为严重。

                    贰柒拾游戏JUSHILIAOJIZAI,ZAIYUANMINGQINGSHIQI,JIYIDELIUXINGCENGDADAOGUOBEIJINGLISHISHANGDEDINGFENG,YOUYIQINGDAIFASHENGDEYIQINGZUIWEIYANZHONG。YOUGUANBEIJINGDIQUJIYIDEMINGQUEJIZAISHIYUJINCHAOHAILINGWANGSHIQI。DAOLEQINGDAI,BEIJINGDIQUYIBINGPINFA,SHANGHAN、TIANHUA、HUOLUAN、BAIHOU、SHUYI、XINGHONGREDENGWEIHAIZUIDA。SUIZHERENMENDUIJIYIRENSHIDEZHUJIANSHENRU,XIANGGUANDEFANGYIHEJIUZHIGONGZUOYEZHUJIANQUANMIANERXITONGDIZAIBEIJINGDIQUKAIZHANQILAI。

                    设立专门的防疫机构

                    QINGCHUTAIYIYUANSHEZHIDOUZHENKE,ZHUANMENDUIDOUZHENJINXINGYANJIU。QINGDAIFENKECENGDUOCIGAIZHI,SHUNZHISHIQIFENSHESHIYIKE,JIDAFANGMAI、XIAOFANGMAI、SHANGHANKE、FURENKE、CHUANGYANGKE、ZHENJIUKE、YANKE、KOUCHIKE、ZHENGGUKE、YANHOUKE、DOUZHENKE。JIAQINGERNIAN(1797),JIANGKOUCHIYUYANHOUKE、DOUZHENYUXIAOFANGMAIGEHEWEIYIKE,CHENGWEIJIUKE。QINGMOXINZHENGSHIQIJIGOUGAIGE,SHELIMINZHENGBU,WEISHENGSIWEIXIAXIAWUSIZHIYI,ZHUYAOFUZEFANGYIGONGZUO。XUANTONGERNIAN(1910),MINZHENGBUJIEJIANGUOJIJINGYAN,YUZHONGYANGGEBU,JIBUJUNTONGLINGYAMEN、SHUNTIANFUDENGBUMENSHANGDING,CHENGLIWEISHENGHUI,TONGXIAOXIYIRENYUANCANYUQIZHONG。

                    推广防疫疫苗的接种

                    ZAIQINGDAI,WEILEJIAQIANGFANGYI,JIEZHONGYIMIAOCHENGWEIKONGZHITIANHUABINGLIUXINGDEZHONGYAOJUCUO。GUANYUTIANHUADEJIZAIZUIZAOCHUXIANZAIHANDAI,HOUSHIYISHENGYIZHIZAISHEFAXUNZHAOLIANGFANG。QINGDAIZHUCHUNGUZHUYOU《DOUZHENDINGLUN》YISHU,SHUZHONGJIZAI,ZAOZAIBEISONGSHIQI,JIUYIJINGYOUGUANYUZHONGDOUDETANSUO。ZHEIBIOUZHOUDENIUDOUJIEZHONGZAOLEYIQIANDUONIAN。ZHONGGUOCHUANTONGDEZHONGDOUFANGFAZUICHUWEICHUIZHONG,ZHEISHIYIZHONGMINJIANDEZHONGDOUFA,ZUIZAOQIYUANYUMINGCHAOLONGQINGNIANJIAN(16SHIJIXIABANYE),YOUCHENGCHUIBIZHONGDOUFA。TAYIBANFENWEILIANGZHONG,YIZHONGFANGFAJIAOHANMIAOFA,JIQUTIANHUAZHEDEDOUJIAYANCHENGXIMO,JIASHANGZHANGNAOBINGPIANDENGCHUIRUZHONGDOUZHEBIZHONG;LINGYIZHONGFANGFAJIAOSHUIMIAOFA,JIUSHIJIANGHUANZHEDEDOUJIAJIARURENRUHUOSHUI,YONGMIANQIANZHANSHANG,SAIRUZHONGDOUZHEDEBIZHONG。ZHEILIANGZHONGFANGFADOUSHIWEILERANGZHONGDOUZHEQINGDUGANRANSHANGTIANHUA,FASHAOCHUZHEN,ZAIJINGGUOJINGXINHULI,BINGZHENGXIAOSHIHOU,JIUXIANGDANGYUYIDEGUOTIANHUA,CONGERJUYOULEMIANYILI。DOUJIAJIAOZUO“SHIMIAO”,YOUYUQIDUXINGBIJIAODA,BUNENGBAIFENZHIBAIBAOZHENGBEIJIEZHONGZHEDESHENGMINGANQUAN,“MIAOSHUNZHESHIWUYISI,MIAOXIONGZHESHIZHIBACUN”,YINCI,ZHONGYIYOUFAMINGLE“SHUMIAO”JIEZHONGFA。SUOWEISHUMIAO,ZHIDESHIYIJIEZHONGFACHULAIDEDOUZUOWEIZHONGMIAO,JINGGUOYANGMIAO、XUANLIAN,LIANXUJIEZHONGQIDAIHOU,HUODUTAIJIN,YONGLAIJIJIANKANGRENZHONGJIUFEICHANGANQUANLE。

                    派遣医护人员参与救治

                    贰柒拾游戏TAIYIYUANZHUYAOFUWUDUIXIANGSHIHUANGSHICHENGYUAN,YIQINGYANZHONGQIJIAN,QINGZHENGFUYEHUILINSHIDIAOPAITAIYICANYUKANGJIYIQINGDEGONGZUO。TONGZHILIUNIAN(1867)JINGCHENGSHIYILIUXING,QINGZHENGFULINGTAIYIYUANKAIFANGJI,JIAOJIWUCHENGFAFANG。KANGXISHIJIUNIAN(1680)LIUYUE,HUANGDICHUJIXUZAIWUCHENGKAIZHOUCHANGZHENJIJIMINWAI,HAIPAIQIANTAIYISANSHIRENWEISHENRANJIYIDEJIMINZHIBING。DAOLEQINGMO,NEIWAICHENGGUANYIYUANDEJIANLISHIFANGYIJUCUODEXINBIANHUA。《NEIWAICHENGGUANYIYUANZHANGCHENG》ZONGGANGMINGQUEZHICHU,YIYUANWEIGUANLIXINGZHI,WEIHUANZHEMIANFEIZHENZHI。PUTONGBAIXING、HAILUJUNJUNGUANSHIBING、GEJIXUETANGDEXUESHENG、XUNJINGRENYUANDENGDOUKELAIKANBING。GUANYIYUANSHEZHIZHUANMENDEGELIBINGFANG,YUQITAHUANZHEGELIZHENZHI。XUANTONGSHIQI,BAOFAYUDONGSANSHENGDESHUYI,SUIZHEHUANZHEDENANXIA,CHUANRUBEIJING,YINQIJUDAKONGHUANG。NEIWAICHENGGUANYIYUANZHIYUANLEHENDUOFANGYIYAOPINHEYILIAOSHESHI,MANYANZHIBEIJINGDESHUYIZUIZHONGDEYIKONGZHI。

                    调拨专款救治病患

                    贰柒拾游戏ZAIJIYILIUXINGQIJIAN,RUGUOHUANZHEDEBUDAOYOUXIAOJIUZHI,BUJINZIJIDESHENTIJIANKANGSHOUSUN,HAIHUICHENGWEIYIDONGDECHUANRANYUAN,SUISHIWEIXIEGENGDUORENDESHENGMINGJIANKANG。YINCI,WEILENENGGOUJINKUAIKONGZHIZHUYIQINGDEMANYAN,QINGZHENGFUTONGGUOHUABOJINGFEI,ZHUANMENJIUZHIBINGHUAN。RUDAOGUANGYUANNIAN(1821)BAYUE,ZHENGFUJINJIBOFULIANGQIANWUBAILIANGBAIYIN,YONGYUJIUZHIYIQUBINGREN。QINGCHUSHUNZHISHIQI,ZHENGFUZAIJINGSHANDONGMENWAIJIANLESANJIANSHIYAOFANG,KANGXISHIQICENGZENGJIAN,ZHIDAOKANGXIMONIANCAITINGZHISHIYAO。GUANGXUSHIQIJIYILIUXING,QINGZHENGFUZAICIQIYONGSHIYAOFANG,SHENRANJIBINGZHEKEYIZHIJIEQUNEILILINGQUYAOPIN。DAOGUANGYUANNIAN(1821),JINGCHENGNEIWAIYINYIBINGCURANCISHIZHEZHONGDUO,XUDUOJIATINGWULIZHIGUANLIANMAI。YUSHI,QINGZHENGFURANGYOUGUANBUMENANPAIZHUANRENFUZESANFAGUANMUHUOBANGZHUYANMAISHIGU。ZHEIYICUOSHIJIFUHEZHONGGUOCHUANTONGDAODEGUIFAN,YOUNENGYOUXIAOGELICHUANRANYUAN,FANGZHIJIYIDEJINYIBUKUOSAN。

                    (ZHAIBIANZI《QIANXIAN》2020NIANDI4QI ZHANGYANLI/WEN)

                    原标题:历史上的北京防疫和救治

                    责编:陈倩柔 (  转载请注明海疆在线)
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