贰柒拾游戏

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                  • 分割线
                    宋代如何治“豆腐渣工程”
                    来源: 2020/05/18 09:13:09
                    字号:AA+

                    导读:贰柒拾游戏 古代尚未发明钢筋水泥混凝土技术,而且古人习惯使用比石料更容易耗损的土木材料,但是,只要严格把好质量关,古人却能建造出比某些混凝土工程还要耐久的建筑物,其中一些建筑物还经受住千年时光的侵蚀,留存至今日,让人不能不对创造奇迹的先人致以崇高的敬意。

                    SONGDAIJUJINYIYOUQIANNIAN,ZHONGJIANFASHENGWUSHUCITIANZAIYUZHANHUO,DANYOUYIBUFENSONGCHAOJIANZHUWUCUNLIUZHIJIN,RANGJINRENDEYIYIDUQIANNIANQIANDEJIANZHUFENGCAI,RUJIANYUBEISONGDAZHONGXIANGFUNIANJIANDEZHEJIANGNINGBOBAOGUOSIDADIAN,JIANYUHUANGYOUNIANJIANDEHEBEIZHENGDINGLONGXINGSIZHUANLUNZANGDIAN,JIANYUBEISONGZHONGQIDESHANXIZHANGZIXIANWENMIAODACHENGDIAN、ZHONGXIUYUCHONGNINGNIANJIANDETAIYUANJINCISHENGMUDIAN;DENGDENG。DANGRAN,BINGBUSHISHUOSONGCHAOJIUMEIYOU“DOUFUZHAGONGCHENG”,NEIGESHIHOUKENDINGYEFASHENGGUOQIAOLIANG、CHENGQIANG、LOUFANG、CANGKUYINJIANZHUZHILIANGBUGUOGUANERTURANDAOTAZHILEIDESHIGU。BUGUO,WEILEDUIFUCILEI“DOUFUZHA”,SONGRENFAZHANCHUYITAOXIANGDANGWANBEIDEGONGCHENGZHILIANGJIANKONGZHIDU。

                    《YINGZAOFASHI》XIANGDANGYUJISONGCHAODEGONGGONGGONGCHENGJIANSHEZHIDINGLEYIGEISOZHILIANGBIAOZHUN

                    XIANZAI,DANGRENMENSHUOQIZHONGGUOGUDAIJIANZHUSHISHI,YOUYIBUSONGRENZHUZUOWULUNRUHEDOUSHIWUFARAOGUOQUDE,NEIJIUSHICHENGSHUYUBEISONGYUANFUSANNIAN(1100NIAN)DE《YINGZAOFASHI》。GAISHUYOUSHIRENDASONG“ZHONGYANGGONGCHENGYUAN”(JIANGZUOJIAN)ZONGGONGCHENGSHIDELIJIEBIANZHUANERCHENG,BINGYUCHONGNINGERNIAN(1103NIAN)KANXING。

                    贰柒拾游戏SUOWEI“YINGZAO”,SHIGONGCHENGJIANZHUDEYISI,“FASHI”,JIGUIZE、BIAOZHUNDEYISI。ZHEIBU《YINGZAOFASHI》SHIJISHANGJIUSHISONGCHAODEGONGGONGGONGCHENGJIANSHEBIAOZHUN,DUITUSHIFANGGONGCHENG(HAOZHAI)、SHIFANGGONGCHENG(SHIZUO)、DAXINGMULIAOGONGCHENG(DAMUZUO)、XIAOXINGMULIAOGONGCHENG(XIAOMUZUO)、NISHUIGONGCHENG(NIZUO)、ZHIZHUANYUZHIWAGONGCHENG(ZHUANZUO、WAZUO)、ZHUANGXIUGONGCHENG(DIAOZUO、CAIHUAZUO)DENG13GEGONGZHONGDEXUANLIAO、GUIGE、SHEJI、SHIGONG、LIUCHENG、ZHILIANG,DOUZUOCHULEXIANGXIDEGUIFAN。QIZHONGMULIAOYUZHUANDEGUIGEDOUSHIXIANLEMOSHUHUA。SONGCHAOJIANZHUWUDEDOUGONGTONGCHANGYOUSHANGQIANGEGOUJIANZUCHENG,SUNMAOFUZA,BIXUYIYIDUISUNJINGZHUN;SONGCHAOXIUJIANCHENGQIANGDEYONGZHUAN,WANGWANGYOUBUTONGDEYAOCHANGSHAOZHI。RUGUOBUDUIMULIAO、ZHUANDECHICUNJIAYIBIAOZHUNHUA,HENNANXIANGXIANGYIXIANGDAXINGGONGCHENGNENGGOUSHUNLIWANGONG。CAILIAODEMOSHUHUA,BUDANKEYIDADATIGAOGONGCHENGJIANSHEDEXIAOLV,HAINENGGOUBAOZHENGSHIGONGDEZHILIANG。

                    DUIYUJIANZHUWUDEZHILIANGERYAN,DIJISHIJIGUANJIANQUEYOURONGYIWEIRENSHUHUDEYIGEHUANJIE,XUDUOJIANZHUWUZHISUOYIZAIDIZHENZHONGDAOTA,GENHULVELEDIJIZHILIANGBUWUGUANXI。YINCI,《YINGZAOFASHI》DUIXIUJIANCHENGQIANG、FANGWUDEDIJIJIANSHEBIAOZHUNYETICHUYANGEGUIDING。

                    贰柒拾游戏ZONGERYANZHI,CONGZHILIANGGUANLIDEJIAODULAISHUO,《YINGZAOFASHI》DEFABU,XIANGDANGYUJISONGCHAODEGONGGONGGONGCHENGJIANSHEZHIDINGLEYIGEISOZHILIANGBIAOZHUN,GONGJIANGRUGUOYANGEANZHAO《YINGZAOFASHI》DEYAOQIUXUANLIAO、SHEJI、SHIGONG,BUNANJIANZAOCHUKEKANGJI“××NIANYIYU”DIZHENDEGONGCHENG。SONGCHAOFUZEGONGCHENGZHILIANGJIANGUANDEBUMEN,YEKEYIYIZHAO《YINGZAOFASHI》DEBIAOZHUN,DUIJUNGONGDEGONGGONGGONGCHENGZHILIANGJINXINGYANSHOU。YINCI,SONGZHENGFUDUIJIANZHUZHILIANGBUGUOGUANDEGONGCHENG,YECHANGCHANGYI“BURUFA”“BUZHONGCHENG”LAIBIAOSHU,ZHEIYANGDEYONGCIBIAOMINGSONGZHENGFUYIJINGQUELILEYITAOYANSHOUGONGCHENGDEGUOJIABIAOZHUN。

                    贰柒拾游戏SONGZHENGFUDUIGONGGONGGONGCHENGSHIXING“BAOZHIQI”ZHIDU

                    贰柒拾游戏SHANGMIANSUOSHUOSHISONGCHAOGONGCHENGZHILIANGJIANKONGTIXIDEQIZHONGYIXIANGZHIDU:GONGBU“YINGZAOFASHI”,SHELIGONGGONGGONGCHENGJIANSHEBIAOZHUN。CIWAI,SONGZHENGFUHAIDUIGONGGONGGONGCHENGSHIXING“BAOZHIQI”ZHIDU,JIGONGCHENGWANGONG、TOURUSHIYONGHOU,ZAIRUOGANNIANXIANNEIRUGUOFASHENGPOLIE、SUNHUI、XIELOU、DIANXIANDENGZHILIANGWENTI,ZEZHUIJIUSHEJIFANG、SHIGONGFANGYUJIANXIUZHEDEXINGSHIZEREN。ZHEIGE“BAOZHIQI”YIBANSHIWUNIAN,ZHONGYAODEGONGCHENGSHIBANIAN。

                    SONGRENZONGTIANSHENGNIANJIAN,CHAOTINGTINGWENGEDI“XIUGAISHEWU”,“DUOBULAOGU”,BIANYAOQIUYOUGUANBUMENJIAQIANGDUIGONGCHENGZHILIANGDEJIANCE,“TIANCHAJIANGUANDIANJIAN,XUYAOLAOGU”,BINGZHONGSHENYIDAOLIFA:“JINHOUSUOXIUSHEWU、QIAODAO,JIUTIAO:RUOXIUHOUYINIANDIANXIAN,YUANXIUDOULIAO(GONGCHENGSHEJIZHE)、ZUOTOU(GONGTOU)DINGZUI,ZHIZHANGYIBAI,ERNIANNEIJIANYIDENG;WEIMANSANNIAN,YOUJIANYIDENG。JIANXIUZHEYOUJIANYIDENG。RUSUIYUEWEIJIU,JUMINGWENZOUYANDUAN。SUICHACHUGAIZHUAN,JIJINGSHEEN,YIYANGGENZHU,HEZUIYIWEN。JINCHAJIANGUANDIANJIANCUICU,XUSHIJINLIAOXIUGAI,JIUYUANLAOZHUANG。JINHOUYINGXIUGAISHEWU、QIAODAODENGCAILE,SHUXIEJIHAOBANQI,RUXIUHOUWEIWUNIANDIANXIAN,BINGYIQIANTIAONIANFENXIAZHUNIANDIJIANYIDENGDUANQIAN,YUSHEBUYUAN。”

                    ——YISISHISHUO,FANGWU、QIAOLIANGDENGGONGGONGGONGCHENG,RUGUOZAIWANGONGHOUYINIANNEIFASHENGDIANXIAN,FUZEGAIGONGCHENGDESHEJIZHEYUGONGTOU,JIANGBEICHUYIZHANGYIBAIDEXINGFA;RUGUOSHIERNIANNEIFASHENGDIANXIAN,XINGFAJIANYIDENG;YICILEITUI,ZHIZHIMANWUNIAN。JIANXIUZHESHOUDAODEZEFABISHEJIFANG、SHIGONGFANGYOUJIANYIDENG。ZHEIXIEZUIFABUDESHEMIAN,JISHIXIANGGUANZERENRENYIDIAOLIYUANZHIWEI,YEBUDEMIANYUZHUIJIU。

                    LINGWAIXUYAOTIQINGZHUYIDESHI,WUNIANDE“GONGCHENGBAOZHIQI”ZHISHIZHENDUI“DIANXIAN”ZHILEIDEYIBANXINGZHILIANGWENTI,BINGBUSHIYONGYUEXINGDEJIANZHUSHIGU。RUGUOFASHENGDAOTAZHILEIDEYANZHONGSHIGU,WENZEJIANGBUSHOUWUNIANBAOZHIQIZHIXIAN,CHENGFAWUYIYEHUIGENGJIAYANLI。RUSONGZHENZONGSHI,YOUYUDUI“TIANXIONGJUNXIUCHENGBUJIN,ZHANPENGPI”SHIGUFUYOUZEREN,YIGEJIAOZUOJIAJIXUNDEGUANYUANBEIKAICHUGONGZHI,LIUFANGRUZHOU;LINGWAILIANGMINGGUANYUANBEIXUEZHI,FAPEIXUZHOU、HUAZHOUFUYI。

                    SONGZHENGFUDUISUOYOUGONGGONGGONGCHENGJIANSHETUIXING“WULEGONGMING”DEZHIDU

                    NEIMEXINDEWENTILAILE:RUGUOYIGEGONGGONGGONGCHENGZAISHIYONGDUONIANHOUCAIFASHENGSHIGU,SONGZHENGFUYOURUHEQUERENDANGCHUDESHEJIFANG、SHIGONGFANGYUJIANXIUZHESHINAXIEREN?ZHEIGEWENTIBUNAN。YINWEISONGZHENGFUHAIDUISUOYOUGONGGONGGONGCHENGJIANSHETUIXING“WULEGONGMING”DEZHIDU。

                    贰柒拾游戏SUOWEI“WULEGONGMING”,SHIZHIGUOJIAQIANGZHIGONGJIANGZAITAMENZHIZAODEQIWUSHANGKESHANGZIJIDEMINGZI,YIDANFAXIANCHANPINDEZHILIANGWENTI,JIANMINGZIZHUISUZHIZAOZHEDEZEREN。JUSHUOZAOZAICHUNQIUSHIYIJINGYOULE“WULEGONGMING”DEZHIDU,《LVSHICHUNQIU》ZAI,“WULEGONGMING,YIKAOQICHENG。GONGYOUBUDANG,BIXINGQIZUI,YIQIONGYIQING。”DANGSHIDEBINGGONGCHANG,DOUYAOQIUGONGJIANGZAISUOZAOBINGQILEKEMINGZI,ZUOWEIDUIBINGQIZHILIANGDEDANBAO。SONGZHENGFUJIANGZHEIYIZHIDUYINGYONGDAOGONGCHENGYINGZAOZHONG,JINGDESANNIAN(1006NIAN)LIUYUE,YOUYU“JINRIJINGZHONGXIEYUYINGZAOPINDUO,JIANGRENYINYUANWEIJIANLI,QIPINYOUWANQI,YIGUQUANBUYONGXIN,WEIJIUFUYISUNHUAI”,SONGZHENZONGXIAZHAOSHENMINGYIDAOFALING:“ZIJINMINGXINGTIAOYUE,FANYOUXINGZUO,JIEXUYONGGONGJINLIAO。RENGLINGSUICHUZHIQIXIUQINIANYUE、SHICHENGONGJIANGXINGMING,WEISHENGSIFUYAN。”JIYAOQIUYIHOUFANXINGJIANGONGGONGGONGCHENG,BIXUBAOZHENGZHILIANG,JUNGONGHOUZAISUOXIUJIANZHUWUZHAOGEDIFANG,BIAOMINGJIANZAODESHIJIAN、SHIGONGDEGONGJIANGYUJIANGONGDEXINGMING。XIANZAIYUELAIYUEDUODEJIANZHUGONGCHENGYEKAISHIBIAOMINGSHEJIFANGYUCHENGJIANFANGDEMINGCHENG,ZHEIJISHIGUOJITONGXINGGUANLI,YESUANSHIDUI“WULEGONGMING”CHUANTONGDEJICHENG。

                    XUYAOSHUOMINGDESHI,ZAISONGDAI,“WULEGONGMING”CHUANTONGYIKAISHIYANHUACHENG“SHANGBIAO”XINGTAI。ZHEISHIYINWEI,“WULEGONGMING,YIKAOQICHENG”KAISHIZHISHIQIANGZHIXINGDEZERENRENDING,DANZAIMANZHANGDEYANJINGUOCHENGZHONG,TASHIYIBUFENYOUXIUGONGJIANGDEMINGZITUOYINGERCHU,CHENGWEIHUODEGUANGFANXINRENDEPINPAI。DANGPINPAIXINGCHENGZHIHOU,YONGYOUZHEIYIPINPAIDEGONGJIANGJIUHUIYIGAIBEIDONGDE“WULEGONGMING”,ERZHUDONGZAIZIJIZHIZAODECHANPINSHANGLIUXIADUYOUDEBIAOZHI,YIBIANGENQITARENDETONGLEICHANPINQUFENKAILAI。YUSHI“SHANGBIAO”BIANCHANSHENGLE。JINTIANWOMENCONGCHUTUDESONGDAITONGJING、YINTINGYIJISONGBANSHUJISHANG,DOUKEYIKANDAOZHIZAOZHELIUXIADEBIAOZHI。ZHEIXIEBIAOZHI,TONGCHANGDOUSHIGONGJIANGCHUYUFANGWEI、XUANCHUANPINPAIZHIKAOLVERZHUDONGLIUZAICHANPINSHANGDE,BINGBUSHIWEILEYINGFUGUANFANGDEQIANGZHI“LEMING”YAOQIU。

                    贰柒拾游戏GEGEXINGHUIZUZHITONGCHANGDOUHUIDUIBENXINGDECHANPINZHILIANGTICHU“XINGYEBIAOZHUN”

                    GONGJIANGSUOLISHUDEXINGHUI,YEHUIDUIGONGJIANGDEZUOYELIUCHENG、CHANPINZHILIANGTICHUGUIFANHEYAOQIU。SONGCHAOSHIZHONGGUOLISHISHANGJIESHEHENFADADESHIQI,NANSONGSHI,HANGZHOUDEXINGHUIDUODA“SIBAISHISIXING”,QIZHONGGONGJIANGSUOZUZHIQILAIDEXINGHUI,YOUJIAOZUO“ZUO”,YOU“NIANYUZUO、ZUANJUANZUO、BIDAOZUO、YAODAIZUO、JINYINDAZUO、GUOTIEZUO、PUCUIZUO、BIAOBEIZUO、ZHUANGLUANZUO、YOUZUO、MUZUO、ZHUANWAZUO、NISHUIZUO、SHIZUO、ZHUZUO、QIZUO、DINGJIAOZUO、GUTONGZUO、CAIFENGZUO、XIUXIANGJIAOZHUZUO、DAZHIZUO”DENGERSHIJIZHONG。

                    CHUYUDUIXINGYESHENGYUYIRONGJURONG、YISUNJUSUNDELIXINGKAOLV,GEGEXINGHUIZUZHITONGCHANGDOUHUIDUIBENXINGDECHANPINZHILIANGTICHU“XINGYEBIAOZHUN”,BIRUZAIBEISONGBIANJING,“FANBAISUOMAIYINSHIZHIREN,ZHUANGXIANJINGPANHEQIMIN,CHEYANDONGSHI(YONGJU)QIQIAO,KEAISHIWEIHEGENG,BUGANCAOLVE。……SHAOSIXIEDAI,ZHONGSUOBURONG。”ZHEIGE“ZHUANGXIANJINGPANHEQIMIN”,YINGGAIJIUSHIBIANJINGDEYINSHIXINGHUIZHIDINGDE“XINGYEBIAOZHUN”,“ZHONGSUOBURONG”DE“ZHONG”,FEIZHIGONGZHONG,ERSHIBENXINGXINGZHONG。QINGDAIGUANGXUNIANJIAN,MOUDINIZUOJIANGXINGYEGONGSUODINGLIXINGGUI,QIZHONGYOUYITIAOJIGUIDING:“NIQIANGXUBAOSANNIAN,RUSANNIANNEIDAOTAZHE,GUINIJIANGPEIXIU”。JIARUBENXINGHUIDESUOYOUNIZUOJIANG,JUNXUZUNSHOUZHEIYITIAOKUAN。WOXIANGXINSONGCHAODEMUZUO、ZHUANWAZUO、NISHUIZUO、SHIZUO,YEYOULEISIDEXINGGUI。

                    JIANGSHUZHICI,WOMENKEYIFAXIAN,SONGCHAODEGONGCHENGZHILIANGJIANKONGZHIDUZHISHAOBAOHANLESIGECENGMIAN:GUOJIAZHIDINGDEGONGCHENGJIANSHEBIAOZHUN;ZHENGFUQIANGZHITUIXINGDE“WULEGONGMING”ZHI;WUNIAN“BAOZHIQI”ZHI;GONGJIANGXINGHUIZIXINGDINGLIDE“XINGYEBIAOZHUN”。WULUNSHINAYIZHONGZHILIANGBAOZHENGJUCUO,JISHIFANGDAOJINRISHEHUI,YEWEIWEIGUOSHI。

                    GUDAISHANGWEIFAMINGGANGJINSHUINIHUNNINGTUJISHU,ERQIEGURENXIGUANSHIYONGBISHILIAOGENGRONGYIHAOSUNDETUMUCAILIAO,DANSHI,ZHIYAOYANGEBAHAOZHILIANGGUAN,GURENQUENENGJIANZAOCHUBIMOUXIEHUNNINGTUGONGCHENGHAIYAONAIJIUDEJIANZHUWU,QIZHONGYIXIEJIANZHUWUHAIJINGSHOUZHUQIANNIANSHIGUANGDEQINSHI,LIUCUNZHIJINRI,RANGRENBUNENGBUDUICHUANGZAOQIJIDEXIANRENZHIYICHONGGAODEJINGYI。

                    (ZUOZHEWEIWENSHIXUEZHE)

                    原标题:宋代如何治“豆腐渣工程”

                    责编:谭莹莹 (  转载请注明海疆在线)
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